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1. -What are some of the most importantpeople in history?-What are some of the most famousinventors or discoveries in history? 2. The most important people in…
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  • 1. -What are some of the most importantpeople in history?-What are some of the most famousinventors or discoveries in history?
  • 2. The most important people in thehistory Cristóbal colón Was a navigator, cartographer,Admiral, Viceroy and GovernorGeneral of India in the serviceof the Crown of Castile, famousfor making the so-calleddiscovery of America in 1492.
  • 3.  Ludwig Van Beethoven Was a composer, conductor and pianistGerman. His musical legacy includes,chronologically, from the classical period toearly musical romanticism. It is one of themost important composers in the history ofmusic and his legacy has had a decisiveinfluence on later music.
  • 4.  Aristóteles It was a polymath: philosopher, logician,and scientist of ancient Greece whoseideas have had an enormous influenceon Western intellectual history for morethan two millennia.
  • 5.  Hernán Cortéz Spanish conquistador of the Aztecempire (today the center of Mexico). IMarquis of the Valley of Oaxaca,governor and captain general of NewSpain.
  • 6.  Bill Gates Better known as Bill Gates, is anentrepreneur and philanthropist, co-founder of the software companyMicrosoft. Recently returned to hold thetitle of being the worlds richest man.
  • 7.  Pelé Is a retired Brazilian footballer. It isconsidered by many former players, forvarious sporting bodies, journalists andthe media in general, and much offootball fans as the best player in thehistory of the sport. He was elected the best player of thecentury in a poll done by the winners ofthe Golden Ball IFFHS named him thebest player in the world and theInternational Olympic Committeeawarded the title of the best athlete ofthe twentieth century. He wasconsidered the best player ever in asurvey conducted by the members of theFootball Committee of that institutionand the FIFA Magazine subscribers.
  • 8.  Homero Is the name given to the ancient Greekbard who is traditionally credited withauthorship of the major Greek epicpoems - the Iliad and the Odyssey-
  • 9.  Julio César Was a skilled military strategist andcourageous, whose victories allowed toextend the Roman territory, was ashrewd politician, whose populist policieswon him the affection of large segmentsof the population. In the same way,highlighted as an outstanding writerwhose writings, such as The Gallic Warare among the most accomplished ofclassical Latin.
  • 10. The most famous inventors or discover´s in the history Isaac Newton Was a physicist, philosopher,theologian, inventor, alchemist andEnglish mathematician, author ofPhilosophiae naturalis principiamathematica, better known as thePrincipia, which described the lawof universal gravitation and laid thefoundations of mechanicsclásicamediante laws that bear hisname. His other works includescientific discoveries about thenature of light and optics (presentedmainly in his Opticks) and thedevelopment of mathematicalcalculation.
  • 11.  Albert Einstein Was a German physicist of Jewish origin, nationalizedafter U.S. and Switzerland. It is considered as the mostimportant scientist of the twentieth century. ManuelAlfonseca 1000 quantifies the importance of scientists ofall time and, on a scale of 1-8, Einstein and Freud are theonly twentieth century to achieve the highest score, 1Einstein also qualifies as "the most popular and well-known scientific twentieth century In 1905, when he was an unknown young physicist, usedin the Bern Patent Office, published his theory of specialrelativity. It sat in a simple theoretical framework based onsimple physical principles, concepts and phenomenastudied earlier by Henri Poincaré and Hendrik Lorentz. Asa logical consequence of this theory, derived the equationof physics known at the grassroots: the mass-energyequivalence, E = mc ². That year he published otherworks that would lay foundation for statistical physics andquantum mechanics. In 1915, he presented the theory of general relativity,which reformulated the whole concept of gravedad.3 Oneconsequence was the emergence of the scientific study ofthe origin and evolution of the universe by the branch ofphysics called cosmology. In 1919, when the Britishobservations of a solar eclipse confirmed his predictionsabout the bending of light, was idolized by the prensa.4Einstein became an icon of popular science worldfamous, a privilege available to very few scientists .
  • 12.  Galileo Galilei Was an astronomer, philosopher,Italian mathematician and physicistwho is closely associated with thescientific revolution. EminentRenaissance man was interested inalmost all sciences and arts (music,literature, painting). His achievementsinclude improvements to thetelescope, a variety of astronomicalobservations, the first law of motionand decisive support forCopernicanism. It has been regardedas the "father of modern astronomy,"the "father of modern physics" and the"father of science
  • 13.  Charles Darwin Was an English naturalist whopostulated that all species of life haveevolved over time from commonancestors through a process callednatural selection. The evolution wasaccepted as fact by the scientificcommunity and much of the public life ofDarwin, while his theory of evolution bynatural selection was not considered asthe primary explanation of theevolutionary process until the 1930s.Currently forms the basis of modernevolutionary theory. In modified form,Darwins scientific discoveries are stillthe foundation charter of biology as ascience, since they constitute a logicalexplanation that unifies observationsabout the diversity of life.
  • 14.  Hermanos Wright Are named together and knownworldwide for being pioneers in thehistory of aviation. The brothers were bicycle makers arenevertheless known for his contributionsin the field of aviation. They design andmanufacture a plane controllable, whichwas able to plan on a short flight using apowered external catapult. This planenever was able to fly on its own,because its design had not allowedenough lift to stay aloft. However, whenthrown into the air with a catapultexternal short flight was achieved,sufficient to test the steering and controlsystem aircraft.
  • 15.  Louis Pasteur Was a French chemist whosediscoveries had enormous importance invarious fields of natural sciences,especially chemistry and microbiology.He was responsible for the techniqueknown as pasteurization. Their contributions in organic chemistrywas the discovery of tartaric aciddimorphism, observing the microscopeshowed that the two types racemic glassmirror symmetry. It was discovered byboth right-handed and left-handed formswhich diverted the plane of polarizationof light at the same angle but in theopposite direction.
  • 16.  Antoine Lavoisier Chemist, biologist and Frencheconomist, considered the founder ofmodern chemistry, with his wife, Marie-Anne Pierrette scientific Paulze, for hisstudies on the oxidation of the bodies,the phenomenon of animal respiration,air analysis, the law of conservation ofmass or Lomonosov-Lavoisier law, theheat and combustion theory.
  • 17.  James Watt It was a Scottish engineer. Theimprovements made in the Newcomen​​engine led to the so-called steam, whichwould be essential in the development ofthe Industrial Revolution in both the UKand the rest of the world.
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