Millennium Development Goals

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With the deadline for the MDG targets set to expire in 2015, the United Nations and its Member States have embarked on a process to define a future development agenda. UN Secretary General has called for inclusive broad-based consultations within member states on the priorities for the post-2015 development agenda. To discuss further on how the Corporates could play a proactive role on MDG framework and post 2015 Development agenda Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in association with UNDP, organizing a half a day workshop on Millennium Development Goals at 0930 hrs on 02 February 2013 in Hyderabad.
  • 2. MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) –International development goals established inMillennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, All 193 United Nations member states and at least 23international organizations have agreed to achievethese goals by the year 2015.
  • 3. Target 1 :Halve, between 1990 and 2015, theproportion of people whoseincome is less than one dollar a dayTarget 2 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whosuffer from hungerIndicator 1993-04 2004-05Decline in Percentage ofPopulation living inPoverty45% 37%Indicator 1990 1998-99proportion of underweight(severe andmoderate) children below 3years of ageTarget: 25 %52% 43%2005-0640%
  • 4. Target 3Ensure that by 2015, childreneverywhere, boys and girls alike,will be able to complete a full course ofprimary education.Indicator 2000 2007-08Net Enrolment Ratio inprimary education83% 95%Proportion of pupilsstarting Grade 1 whoreach Grade 562%(in 1999)72%Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds 76.4%(in 2001)86%
  • 5. Target 4 Estimate gender disparity inprimary and secondaryeducation, preferably by 2005, and in alllevels of education ,no later than 2015Indicator 1990-91 2007-08Ratio of girls to boys inprimary , secondary andtertiary education76% 98%Ratio of literate women tomen ,15-24 years old67% 88%Share of women in wageemployment in thenonagriculturalsector18.6% (in 2009-10)19.6% in ruraland 17.6% inurban
  • 6. Indicator 1990-91 2009Under- Five MortalityRateTarget-42125 64Infant Mortality RateTarget: 2880 45.04Proportion of one yearold children immunisedagainst measles42.2% (1992-93)72.4%
  • 7. Target 6Maternal Mortality Ratio ( MMR)Reduce by three quarters between 1990 and 2015Indicator 1999-2001 2007-09Maternal MortalityRatio ( MMR)Target- 109327 212 (India)(AP-134), (Kerala-81),Proportion of birthsattended by skilledhealthpersonnel26% (1992-93) 47% (2007-08)
  • 8. Target 7Have halted by 2015 and begun to reversethe spread of HIV/AIDSIndicator 2004 2008HIV prevalence amongpregnant women aged 15-24 years0.86% 0.48%Target 8Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence ofMalaria and other major diseases.Indicator 2001 2010Prevalence and deathrates associated with Malaria2.08 Millioncases1.6 million casesPrevalence and deathrates associated with TB1.29 Millioncases (in 2005)1.52 millioncases (2010)Prevalence of all forms of TB has been brought down from 338/ lakh population (1990)to 256/ lakh population in 2010 and TB mortality in the country has reduced from over42/lakh population in 1990 to 26/lakh population in 2010
  • 9. Target 9Integrate the principles of sustainabledevelopment intocountry policies and programmes, andreverse the loss ofenvironmental resources.Indicator DetailsProportion of land areacovered by forestAn increase in forest cover by about728 sq. km between 2005 and 2007Ratio of area protected(to maintain biologicaldiversity) to surface areaA network of 668 Protected Areas(PAs) has been establishedEnergy use per unit ofGDP( Rupee)The estimated PEC has increasedfrom1204 KWh in 1970-71 to 4646 KWh in2009-10.
  • 10. Target 10 Halve, by 2015, the proportionof people withoutsustainable access to safe drinkingwater and basicsanitationIndicator 1990 2007-08Proportion of populationwith sustainable accessto an improved watersource, urban and rural34% 17%Proportion of populationwith access to improvedsanitation, urban and ruralTarget: 38%76% 42.3%
  • 11. Target 18In cooperation with the private sector,make available thebenefits of new technologies, especiallyinformation andcommunicationIndicator DetailsTelephone lines andcellular subscribers per100 populationAt the end of Jun-11, 98.1% of thetotal inhabited villages in India havebeen connected.Internet subscribers per100 population0.21 million in 1999 to 20.33 millionin 2011. 346.67 million wirelesssubscribers have subscribed to dataservices
  • 12. MDGS- DISCUSSION QUESTIONS• Has the world changed since the Millennium Declarationwas drafted in 2000? What challenges remain? Whatchallenges are new?• Why are the Millennium Development Goals still notreached? What factors have impeded progress?• What are the global trends and uncertainties that willaffect India in the decades ahead? Industry views• What has been done to reduce poverty, inequality andmarginalization in your community in the past decade?What more needs to be done in India as a whole? Inyour community? Members may like to talk about theinitiatives they have undertaken at state level
  • 13. MDGS- DISCUSSION QUESTIONS• What kind of national development do you want to see inthe next decade? Industry perspective on drivers foreconomic growth• What are the obstacles to development in India? Industryviews- policy related? Anything else?• Do women and girls have specific needs and if so, what arethey? How can they be addressed? Specific initiativeundertaken in their organization?• Do the age groups at both ends of the demographic scale—the young and elderly--have specific needs and if so, whatare they? How can they be addressed?
  • 14. MDGS- DISCUSSION QUESTIONS• What needs to be done to increase resilience to crisis andshocks, including natural disasters, in India as a whole? Inyour community? focus on partnerships• What steps need to be taken globally to generate economicgrowth? What steps need to be taken nationally? Industryviews• What steps need to be taken globally to generate employmentand create jobs? What steps need to be taken nationally? Jobcreation /skill development/ employment?• Is there a trade-off between reducing poverty and inequalityand ensuring sustainable development? If so, how can thistrade-off be managed for the collective good?
  • 15. • Of the broad themes in the Millennium Declarationrelating to poverty eradication, protecting our commonenvironment, human rights, democracy and goodgovernance, which should be prioritized in the post-2015development framework?• How can the new goals address the causes of poverty,inequality and exclusion and not only the consequences?Affirmative action / disability• What time-line should be set for the post 2015framework?• What innovative and effective examples of accountabilitymechanisms at the local, national, regional level can beused to monitor the post-2015 framework? What kind ofmechanisms can be used in India to monitor the new post2015 framework?MDGS- DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
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